The raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) is a perennial bush that grows to from 1.5 to 2.5 m height. Its fruit consists of a polydrupe with an intense red color, and a strong, sweet flavor. It is rich in vitamin C, potassium, magnesium and calcium, and is also low in calories and high in fiber.
This species originated in Greece, but today is widely cultivated in temperate regions all around the world. There are more than 100 commercial varieties on the market that are exported as both fresh and processed fruit. The largest raspberry producers are the countries in Eastern Europe, which account for 70% of world production. Average yields per hectare vary between 4.8 and 5.5 tons.
The raspberry is the most economically and commercially important species among Chilean berries, with over 12,000 planted hectares. About 90% of the raspberries exported from Chile are frozen.